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中国物流系统技术与装备发展情况

2019年05月16日 来源:本站原创

1、ZHONGGUOWULIUXITONGJISHUZHUANGBEIYEFAZHANLICHENG

ZHONGGUOWULIUXITONGJISHUZHUANGBEICONGQIBUDAOHUODEDAFAZHAN,YIJINGLIJING35NIAN,CONG1975-1985NIANDIYIGESHINIAN,WULIUXITONGJISHUSHEBEIYANZHIYUKAIFAKAISHIQIBU,DANFAZHANHUANMAN,ZHONGGUOZIDONGHUALITIKUKAISHILECONGWUDAOYOUDEGUOCHENG。

1970NIANDAIZHONGQI,XIANJINGUOJIADEGONGYEJISHUFASHENGLEJUDABIANHUA。DANGSHI,JIXIEBU、DIANZIBUWEIPEIYUXINDEJINGJIZENGZHANGDIAN,TICHUSHIDAGUOJIAJIJISHUGONGGUANXIANGMU,QIZHONGWULIUXITONGDEHEXINJISHU“ZIDONGHUALITIKU”JIUSHIQIZHONGZHIYI。YUANBEIJINGQIZHONGYUNSHUJIXIEYANJIUSUOYIGUOWAIJISHUWEILANBEN,YIKAOZIYOUNENGLIKAIFACHUGUONEIDIYIZUOZIDONGHUALITIKU,SHIXIANLECONGWUDAOYOUDELISHIXINGTUPO,YOUYUMIAOZHUNLEDANGSHISHIJIEXIANJINSHUIPING,SUOYIDULILAIKANDANGSHIYUGUOWAIXIANJINSHUIPINGXIANGCHABINGBUDA。

DANSHI,DANGSHIZHONGGUODUIWULIUXITONGJISHUDERENSHIHENFUQIAN,GUONEIGONGYEJICHUSHIFENBORUO,ZHENGTIPEITAONENGLICHA,XIANGGUANDEWULIUXITONGKONGZHIJISHU、JISUANJIJISHUSHUIPINGBINGBUGAO,TONGSHIYOUPIANMIANQIANGDIAOZILIGENGSHENG,ZHENGGESHEHUIDUIZIDONGHUAWULIUSHEBEIDEXUQIUYEBINGBUPOQIE,YINCISHANGBUJUBEIPILIANGSHENGCHANDETIAOJIAN,LIZHENZHENGTUIGUANGYINGYONGHAIYOUXIANGDANGYIDUANJULI。YINCI,WULIUXITONGDEHEXINJISHU“ZIDONGCANGKUJISHU”YEJINJINTINGLIUZAISHIYANSHIJIEDUAN,JINYOUDEJIZUOZIDONGHUALITIKUYEDADUOSHISHIFANXINGGONGCHENG。

SHICHANGXUQIUYANZHONGBUZUWUFAJIJISHUJINBUYIZUGOUDEDONGLI,YINCI,GAIJISHUZHINENGTINGLIUZAIXIAOGUIMO、DINGZHIHUASHENGCHANDEZHUANGKUANGZHONG,MEIYOUTIAOJIANXIANGGENGDAFANWEITUIGUANG,ZAOCHENGWOGUOZIDONGHUALITIKUJISHUSUIRANQIDIANBIJIAOGAO,DANZAICIHOUXIANGDANGZHANGDESHIQINEIBINGMEIYOUSHENMEDADEFAZHAN,DAO1980NIANDAIZHONGQIZONGGONGZHIJIANSHELEBUZU10ZUOZIDONGHUALITICANGKU。

1985-1995:DIERGESHINIAN,SUIZHEXIANDAIZHIZAOYEXIANGZHONGGUOZHUANYI,XIANDAIWULIUXITONGJISHUYEKAISHIYINQIYEJIEZHUYI,QIHEXINDEZIDONGCANGCHUJISHUHUODESHICHANGRENSHI,XIANGGUANJISHUBIAOZHUNYELUXUCHUTAI,CUJINLEXINGYEFAZHAN。

ZHEIYIQIJIAN,ZIDONGHUALITIKUDEYOUSHIBEIGENGDUODEQIYESUORENZHI,SHICHANGXUQIUKAISHIZENGJIA。DEGUODEMATAIKEGONGSI、RIBENDAFUGONGSI、CUNTIANGONGSI,RUISHISwisslogGONGSIDENGGUOJISHANGXIANJINDEWULIUXITONGJICHENGSHANGDEBUFENJISHUBEIYINJINGUONEI,ZHONGGUOWULIUXITONGJISHUZHUANGBEIJICHENGSHANGYEKAISHIQIBU。ZAIZHEIYISHIQI,GUONEIWULIUXITONGJICHENGXIANGMUKAISHIYOULEXUQIUZENGZHANG,DANJIBENSHANGHAIJUXIANZAIYANCAO、JIAOPIAN、QICHEZHIZAODENGTESHUXINGYE,GONGYINGSHANGYEBUDUO。

1995-2005:DISANGESHINIAN,SHICHANGXUQIUYUXINGYEGUIMOXUNSUKUODA,JISHUQUANMIANTISHENG。ZHONGGUOGAIGEKAIFANGHEJINGJIKUAISUFAZHAN,ZHIJIEDAIDONGLEXIANDAIWULIUXITONGXUQIUDAFUSHANGSHENG。ZAIZHEI10NIANZHONG,XIANDAICANGCHUXITONG、FENJIANXITONGJIQIZIDONGHUALITIKUJISHUZAIGEXINGYEKAISHIDEDAOYINGYONG,YOUQISHIYIYAO、SHIPIN、YANCAO、QICHEDENGXINGYEGENGWEITUCHU。

SHICHANGXUQIUDELADONGYEJIDADICUJINLEWULIUXITONGDEJISHUJINBUYUXINGYEFAZHAN。CONG1990NIANDAIZHONGQIYILAI,GENGDUOGONGYINGSHANGJINRUWULIUXITONGJICHENGLINGYU,TONGGUOYINJIN、JICHENGSHIJIEZUIXIANJINDEJISHU,SHIZHENGGEXINGYEDEJISHUSHUIPINGYOULEXIANZHUTIGAO。NENGGOUWEIKEHUTIGONGCHENGTAOHUA、XITONGHUA、ZIDONGHUAWULIUXITONGDEJICHENGSHANGZHUJIANZAIJINGZHENGLITUOYINGERCHU,ZHANLINGLEJIAODADESHICHANGFENE,CHENGWEIXINGYELINGPAOZHE,DAIDONGLEXINGYEDEFAZHAN。TONGSHI,ZHONGGUOHAISHIXIANLESHOUCIXIANGGUOWAICHUKOUCHENGTAOZIDONGHUALITICANGKUSHEBEI,JINRUQUANQIUSHICHANG。

2005NIANZHIJIN,ZHONGGUOWULIUXITONGJISHUYUZHUANGBEIJINRUDISIGESHINIAN,ZHEI5NIANGENGSHIZHONGGUOWULIUJISHUYUZHUANGBEIHUODEDAFAZHANDESHIQI,YIKUNCHUANWULIU、BEIJINGQIZHONGYUNSHUJIXIEYANJIUYUAN、JINTIANGUOJI、TAIYUANGANGYU、BEIJINGGAOKE、XINSONGJIQIREN、SHENFEI、ZIDONGHUASUO、LIUWEIDENGZHONGGUOGUONEIQIYEYIJUNTUQI,ZAIYUGUOWAIXIANJINDEWULIUXITONGJICHENGSHANGJINGZHENGZHONGBUDUANFAZHAN,ZAIYIXIEZHONGDIDUANXIANGMUZHONGJUBEILEJIAOQIANGDEJINGZHENGYOUSHI,YOUXIEQIYEYECHENGGONGJINRUGAOXIANGMULINGYU。

2、中国物流系统技术与装备现状

JINNIANLAI,ZHONGGUOWULIUXITONGDEJISHUQUDELEZHANGZUJINBU,GENSHANGLEGUOJIWULIUXITONGJISHUFAZHANQUSHI,BIAOXIANZAI:YISHIXIANDAIQIYEWULIULINIANDEDAOJINYIBUSHULI,XINXIXITONG、JINGXIWULIU、JINGXIGONGYINGLIANDENGLINIANSHENRURENXIN,WULIUXITONGYUQIYESHENGCHANXITONGYITIHUALINIANDEDAOSHIJIYINGYONG;ERSHIQIYEWULIUXITONGSHEJI、XITONGJICHENGNENGLIZENGQIANG,YANCAO、SHIPIN、YIYAO、YOUZHENG、YINSHUAPIN、DIANZIDENGXINGYEZIDONGHUAWULIUXITONGFAZHANHENKUAI,HANGKONG、JINRONG、JUNSHILINGYUWULIUXITONGDESHICHANGDEDAOKAITUO;SANSHIWULIUXITONGJISHUZHUANGBEIJINGENGUOJISHUIPING,DUOXINGYE、DUOXILIE、DUOPINZHONG、DUODANGCIGAOZHILIANG、DICHENGBENDEWULIUJISHUZHUANGBEICHENGGONGTOURUSHICHANG。

ZAIZIDONGHUAWULIUXITONGLINGYU,JUBUWANQUANTONGJI,2011NIANDIWOGUOYIJIANCHENGDEZIDONGCANGCHUWULIUXITONGYIJINGCHAOGUO1600ZUO。ZHONGGUOZIDONGCANGCHUWULIUXITONGZHUYAOFENBUZAIDIANZI、YANCAO、YIYAO、HUAGONG、JIDIAN、YINSHUADENGXINGYE,YEZHUJIANYINGYONGYUYIXIELIUTONGLINGYUNEI,ZUOWEIWULIUZHONGXINHUOPEISONGZHONGXINDEJIZHONGCHUCUNQUYU。BANZIDONGHUADELITICANGKU、JIXIEHUALITIKU、JUYOUXIANDAICANGCHUYUFENJIANGONGNENGDEWULIUXITONGJIUGENGDUOLE。

3、ZHONGGUOWULIUXITONGGEXINGYEYINGYONGZHUANGKUANG

ZHONGGUOWULIUXITONGXIANGMUZUIZAOCHUXIANZAIQICHE、JIAOJUAN、YANCAODENGXINGYE,CONG2000NIANQIANHOU,ZHONGGUOYANCAOXINGYEWULIUXITONGJIANSHELVXIANJINRUKUAISUFAZHANJIEDUAN,DUANDUANBUGUOSHINIANGUANGJING,YANCAOXINGYEZIDONGHUAWULIUXITONGHUODELEJUDAFAZHAN,ZIDONGCANGKUDEPUJILVDAFUTISHENG,CONGERYELINGPAOLEZHONGGUOXIANDAIWULIUFAZHAN,TUIDONGLEZHONGGUOWULIUXITONGFAZHANJINCHENG,CHENGWEIZHONGGUO“WULIUZIDONGHUAFAZHANDEZHUTUIQI”。

JUBUWANQUANDIAOCHATONGJI,ZAIZHONGGUOYIJIANCHENGDEZIDONGHUAWULIUXITONGZHONG,YANCAOLINGYUZHANLE17%,WEIJUDIYIWEIZHI。YANCAOXINGYEMUQIANDEZIDONGHUAWULIUXITONGPUJILVCHAOGUOLE46%,YUANGAOYUQUANGUO20%ZUOYOUDEPINGJUNSHUIPING。

目前,中国物流系统项目已经广泛进入烟草、医药、食品饮料、机械制造、汽车制造、电力、铁路、机场、零售连锁、军队、金融、服装、印刷品、地质勘探、科研院所等众多领域。

GENJUZHONGGUOWULIUJISHUXIEHUIXINXIZHONGXIN2010NIANDIAOCHATONGJIFENXI,BUWANQUANTONGJI,ZAIMUQIANZHONGGUOYIJINGJIANCHENGZIDONGHUAWULIUXITONGBAOYOULIANGZHONG,YANCAOXINGYEZHAN17%,YIYAOXINGYE13%、QICHEXINGYE10%、JIXIEZHIZAOLINGYU8%、JICHANGZHAN5%、LIANSUOLINGSHOUZHAN8%、SHIPINYINLIAOXINGYEZHAN8%、JUNDUIXITONG5%、YINSHUAPINXINGYEZHAN4%。QITAZHAN22%。

烟草行业从2000年以来,物流系统建设项目加快,市场需求大增,物流工程投资增长很快。2008年-2010年是烟草行业“十一五”技改项目建设高峰,尽管有国际金融危机影响,但行业的特殊性使得自动仓储为主的物流系统建设项目的需求与投资仍然处于领潮地位,在烟草生产和商业配送两条主线上发展很快。2011年是“十二五”计划的开局之年,烟草行业物流系统建设项目开工较多,招标较多,实际投资额继续保持快速增长,在烟草商业配送方面需求急剧增加,原料物流会大规模发展。

YIYAOXINGYEYESHIJINSHINIANWULIUXITONGJIANSHEJIAOKUAIDESHIQI,JINLIANGNIANSHOUJINRONGWEIJIYINGXIANGJIAOXIAO,2008-2010NIANSHICHANGXUQIUJIAOWANG,2011NIANSHIERWUKAIJUZHINIAN,SHICHANGXUQIUJIXUCHUYUSHANGSHENGQUSHI。

JIXIEZHIZAOXINGYESHIJIAOZAOKAIZHANWULIUZIDONGHUAXITONGJIANSHEDEXINGYE,JIN10NIANLAISHOUGUOJIZHIZAOYEXIANGZHONGGUOZHUANYIDEYINGXIANG,WULIUXITONGJIANSHEXIANGMUYEPINGWENZENGZHANG。DAN2008NIAN-2010NIANYOUYUJIXIEZHIZAOXINGYESHOUJINRONGWEIJIYINGXIANGJIAODA,YINGXIANGLEDUIZIDONGHUAWULIUXITONGDEXUQIU。BUGUO,YOUYUQIYEYIJINGGANSHOUDAOSHENGCHANPEISONGXINGLINGBUJIANZHUANGPEIZIDONGCANGCHUXITONGDEYOUSHI,YUJISUIZHEJINGJIDEHAOZHUAN,SHICHANGXUQIUHUIYOUJIAODADEZENGZHANG。

QICHEZHIZAOXINGYECHANXIAOLIANG2009NIANYIJINGJUYUSHIJIESHOUWEI,2010NIANZAIZHENGCETUIDONGXIAYUJIHAIJIANGZAICHUANGXINGAO,WULIUXITONGJISHUYUZHUANGBEISHICHANGZHEIJINIANFAZHANHENKUAI,DANSHISUIZHEQICHECHANLIANGDEBAOHE,WEILAIWULIUXITONGJIANSHEXIANGMUZENGZHANGJIANGQUHUAN。

DIANLIXINGYEWULIUXITONGXUQIUZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIDIANLIGONGSI,DIANLIXINGYEKAIZHANWULIUZIDONGXITONGXIANGMUJIANSHEJIAOWAN,ZIDONGHUAWULIUXITONGBAOYOULIANGBUDUO,DANSHICHANGKONGJIANHENDA,MUQIANSHICHANGXUQIUHEXIANGMUJIANSHEJIAODUO,2010NIANJIYIHOUJINIAN,SUIZHEGUOJIA4WANYIDEDIANWANGGAIZAODETOURU,WULIUZIDONGCANGCHUXITONGDESHICHANGXUQIUHUIWENDINGZENGZHANG。

TIELUXITONGYESHIWULIUXITONGJISHUZHUANGBEIGANGGANGKAITUODEXINLINGYU,GUOQUTIELUXITONGDEWULIUZIDONGHUAXITONGJIANSHEXIANGMUBAOYOULIANGBUDUO。JINLIANGNIANSUIZHEZHONGGUOTIELUDAFAZHAN,TIELUXITONG(BAOKUOCHENGSHIDITIEXITONG)DUIZIDONGHUAWULIUXITONGXUQIUZENGZHANGJIAOKUAI。2009NIANTIELUXITONGTOUZIDA6000YIYUAN,JINJINIANJIHUAZONGTOUZICHAOGUO2WANYIYUAN,2011NIANKAISHITIELUJIANSHETOUZIQUHUAN,DANGUOJIAZAISHIERWUQIJIANRENGJIANGJIADATIELUXITONGTOUZI,YINCIWULIUZIDONGHUACANGCHUXIANGMUSHICHANGXUQIUHUIYOUJIAODAFAZHAN。

JICHANGWULIUXITONGZHUYAOBAOKUOXINGLIFENJIAN、HANGKONGHUOYUN、CANSHIPEISONGDENG,MUQIANZHONGGUOGUONEIXUDUOJICHANGJUNYOUJIANSHE,QIZHONGXINGLIFENJIANXITONGXUQIUJIAODUO,2010、2011NIANGUOJIAJINYIBUJIADAJICHANGXIANGMUTOUZI,SHICHANGXUQIUPINGHUANSHANGSHENGQUSHI。

LINGSHOULIANSUOXINGYEZAIGUOJIALADONGNEIXU、JIAKUAILIUTONGDEZHENGCEZHICHIXIA,DUIZIDONGCANGCHUHEFENJIANXITONGDEXUQIUHUIZENGJIAJIAOKUAI,JIADIANLIANSUOPEISONGZHONGXINDEJIANSHEXIANGMUYEJIANGZENGDUO,SHICHANGFAZHANHENKUAI。JINJINIAN,SUIZHEDIANZISHANGWUWULIUDEFAZHAN,SHANGMAOLINGYUWULIUXITONGJIANSHEXIANGMUZENGZHANGHESUDUHENKUAI,JUYOUHENDASHICHANGQIANLI。

JUNDUIJINJINIANSHUSHIZUOJUNYONGLITICANGKUJIAKUAIGAIZAO,JIHENDUOQIYEDAILAILESHICHANGJIYU。2010NIANQIANHOU,SUIZHEDAGUIMOJUNSHICANGCHUGAIZAOWANCHENG,SHICHANGXUQIUHUIYOUXIAOFUXIAJIANG。DANSHISUIZHEZIDONGHUAWULIUXITONGZAIJUNXU、JUNXIEBAOZHANGFANGMIANDEYINGYONGYUELAIYUEGUANG,JINHOUZAIGUOJIATONGYIBUSHUXIA,ZIDONGHUAZIDONGHUACANGCHUXITONGXUQIUSHULIANGHUIJIAOWEIPINGWEN。

JINRONGLINGYUDUIZIDONGCANGCHUXITONGYOUZHEWENDINGXUQIU,DANYOUYUXINGYEDEQIYESHULIANGBUDUO,MEINIANJIANSHEXIANGMUYEBUHUODUO。

FUZHUANGXINGYEJINLIANGNIANKAISHIJIANSHEZIDONGHUAWULIUXITONG,SHIFUZHUANGQIYEKAISHIRENSHIDAOZIDONGHUAWULIUXITONGDEYOUSHI,FUZHUANGQIYEZHONGDUO,MUQIANXINGYENEIDEWULIUZIDONGHUAXITONGPUJILVHENDI,SHICHANGQIANJINGGUANGKUO。2010NIAN-2011NIANFUZHUANGXINGYEWULIUXITONGJIANSHEXIANGMUFAZHANHENKUAI。

ZHONGGUOWULIUXITONGCUNZAIWENTI

JINNIANLAI,WOGUOWULIUXITONGJISHUYUZHUANGBEIXINGYEWULUNGUIMOHEJISHUDOUQUDELEKUAISUFAZHAN,YUGUOWAITONGXINGYEDECHAJUZHUJIANSUOXIAO,DANYOUXIEWENTIYUBUZUYESHIBIJIAOMINGXIANDE。JUTITIXIANZAIRUXIAJIFANGMIAN:

1、WOGUOWULIAOBANYUNSHEBEISHENGCHANQIYEDADUOSHUGUIMOBIJIAOXIAO,XIANGHUZHIJIANHENSHAOJIAOLIU,DISHUIPINGZHONGFUJIANSHEXIANXIANGBIJIAOYANZHONG,BUJINFENSANLEYOUXIANDEXINGYEZIYUAN,QIYEYEDABUDAOGUIMOJINGYING,CHENGBENNANYIJIANGXIALAI,HEXINJINGZHENGLIBUTUCHU,DUIZHENGGEXINGYEDAILAIBULIYINGXIANG;

2、PEITAOXINGYEFAZHANGENBUSHANGSHIJIXUYAO,LINGBUJIANDEKEXUANZEFANWEIJIAOZHAI,ZHILIANGJIAOCHA,YINGXIANGDAOCHANPINXINGNENGTIGAO;ZUIWEIGUANJIANDESHI,MUQIANZHENGGEXINGYEHAIMEIYOUDADAOLIXINGFAZHAN,DADUOSHUQIYEDOUYIDIJIAGEPINQIANGXIANGMU,WUXUJINGZHENGSHIXINGYELIRUNSHUIPINGPUBIANJIANGDI,QIYEFAZHANHOUJINGBUZU,BULIYUZHENGGEXINGYEDEJIANKANGFAZHAN。

3、ZAIZIDONGHUAWULIUXITONGGAOJINGJIANDEHEXINJISHUFANGMIAN,HAIYOUJIAODACHAJU,GUONEISHENGCHANDEHEXINSHEBEIYUGUOJIXIANJINGONGSIXIANGBIZAIJISHUSHANGCHAJUJIAODA。ZAIHENDUOGAOJISHUWULIUZIDONGHUALINGYU,RUJICHANGWULIUXITONGLINGYU,CENGYIZHIBEIGUOWAIWULIUXITONGJICHENGSHANGSUOLONGDUAN,ZHIDAOZUIJINZHONGGUOQIYECAIKAISHIZHONGBIAOJICHANGWULIUXIANGMU。

4、ZHONGGUOWULIUXITONGJICHENGSHANGSUIRANZUIJINJINIANFAZHANJIAOKUAI,DANHAIMEIYOUJINRUSHIJIEQIANSHIDEDAJICHENGSHANG,ZHONGGUOWULIUXITONGJICHENGSHANGYONGYOUQUANSHIJIEZUIDADESHICHANG,FAZHANQIANJINGGUANGKUO,DANYERENZHONGDAOYUAN。WOMENXIWANGZHONGGUOWULIUXITONGJICHENGSHANGNENGGOUHENKUAIDARUSHIJIESHIQIANGQIYE。


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